PVC Wind Turbine Blades
PVC Wind Turbine Blades
Learn how to make your own PVC wind turbine bladeswindPVC Wind Turbine Blades
are becoming more and more common for homemade domestic wind turbines
. The raw material, PVC pipe, is easy to find, relatively cheap, easy to work with, and performance is more than acceptable for a small basic wind turbine generator
. PVC wind turbine blades can simply be bolted onto a Permanent Magnet Alternator
or suitable Stepper Motor
and you already have a basic wind turbine.
One of the most difficult parts of making your own wind turbine
is producing suitable blades. Wind turbine blades
go through enormous stresses and must be made to quite tight tolerances if they are to balance and not send destructive vibrations through your wind turbine.
Typically blades are carved from wood, but this is very time consuming, difficult, and requires a wide range of tools (saws, drills, sanders, clamps, work bench etc). (Click here to find out more about Making Wooden Wind Turbine Blades
). Fortunately there is an alternative: PVC (or ABS) pipe cut to size. Best of all, if your wind turbine generator is damaged in a storm it is very cheap and quick to put together another set of turbine blades.
In strong winds the flexibility of the PVC blades
is useful as it takes some of the energy out of the wind preventing the wind turbine generator
from spinning too quickly and being damaged. Obviously you need to take care to ensure that the blades cannot bend back far enough to hit the wind turbine mast
Individual wind turbine blades
can be cut out of the pipe using a jigsaw or hacksaw blade, or a one piece pair of blades can be made.
Below is an example design of a one piece (two blade) PVC wind turbine propellor.
This design may not be the optimal configuration. Jeremy Parsons suggests that the trailing edge needs to be moved away from the pipe centreline to improve the amount of lift (and therefore rotation) generated by the aerofoil. Take a look at his site to see a diagram of the new design together with the logic behind it.
If you prefer to make three or more individual wind turbine blades
then you need to create a hub to sit at the centre onto which the wind turbine blades can be attached. Blades can be screwed or bolted to a hub made from plywood or, for larger blades, a metal radiator fan from a car can be used with each of your PVC blades screwed onto a fan blades. The blades themselves can be most easily made by quartering the PVC pipe along its length, and making one turbine blade from each quarter.
We now have a selection of photographs of PVC wind turbine blades
Article Last Modified: 15:16, 19th Aug 2008
Comment on this Article
If you have any comments on this article, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org
Related REUK Categories wind